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Spatial and Temporal Dimensions : Proceedings of an International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)-Rockefeller Foundation Workshop, 2-5 October 1990, Ibadan, Nigeria
Author: Karen Ann Dvorak
Agricultural technologies--the means employed to produce food and fiber--reflect the characteristics not only of environments but also of the people that devise and use them. The social science perspectives of variability in space and time can be used to generate comparative data which aid understanding of these issues. The studies reported in this book cross spatial and temporal boundaries in several dimensions. Scales range from farmers and herders to continents, and from seasons to centuries. Arid, semiarid, savanna, subhumid, humid and highland agroecosystems in Africa, Asia and Central and South America are included as is a wide range of commodities: sweet potato, cassava, sheep and goats, sorghum and pearl millet, as well as wheat, rice, maize and cattle. Chapters are based on papers presented at an IITA-Rockefeller Foundation Workshop held in Ibadan, Nigeria. The book is of interest to all social scientists concerned with agricultural development.
This book provides a detailed history of farming systems research (FSR). While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries. There are some 40 contributions from nearly 50 contributors from 20 countries, illustrating both the diversity and yet the coherence of FSR. The five parts of the book cover: (1) FSR - understanding farmers and their farming (FSR origins and perspectives; understanding farming systems); (2) the applications of farming systems research (FSR in technology choice and development; FSR in extension and policy formulation); (3) institutional commitment to FSR (FSR: some institutional experiences in national agricultural research; dimensions of the organization of FSR; training for FSR); (4) FSR: the professional dimension (regional and international associations; FSR and the professional disciplines); and (5) cutting edge methods, abiding issues and the future for FSR.
Major complex problems confront agricultural policy analysts and development specialists regarding the broad issue of 'agricultural technology.' These topics are reviewed in this volume which consists of 37 chapters, developed from papers presented at a conference held at Airlie House, Virginia, near Washington DC. The authors include leading international authorities from the academic sector, World Bank and agricultural research centers. The chapters are grouped into six parts. The first introductory part is followed by investment as the focus of Part II. In Part III a variety of conceptual and practical issues involved in the transfer of agricultural technology is considered. Part IV includes discussions of concrete technical matters ranging for example from the general to the specific, from plant to animal, and from soil management to irrigation engineering. Emphasis moves from the specifically technological to wider policy issues in Part V and this latter thrust is carried through into the final summarizing section.
Author: Science, and Technology, International International Assessmof Agricultural Knowledge
Publisher: Island Press
The International Assessmof Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Developm(IAASTD) looks realistically at how we could effectively use agriculture/AKST to help us meet developmand sustainability goals. An unprecedented three-year collaborative effort, the IAASTD involved more than 400 authors in 110 countries and cmore than $11 million. It report on the advances and setbacks of the past fifty years and offers options for the next fifty years. The results of the project are contained in seven reports: a Global Report, five regional Sub-Global Assessments, and a Synthesis Report. The Global Report gives the key findings of the Assessment, and the five Sub-Global Assessments address regional challenges. The volumes presoptions for action. All of the reports have been extensively peer-reviewed by governments and experts and all have been approved by a panel of participating governments. The Sub-Global Assessments all utilize a similar and consistframework: examining and reporting on the impacts of AKST on hunger, poverty, nutrition, human health, and environmental/social sustainability. The five Sub-Global Assessments cover the following regions: •Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA)•East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP) •Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) •North America and Europe (NAE) •Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
There are currently many controversial socioeconomic issues concerned with the development and implementation of agricultural biotechnology. This book presents selected revised and edited papers from the fourth and fifth meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001.