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The Once and Future Turing

Author: S. Barry Cooper

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 395

View: 921

Original essays by world-leading researchers reveal Alan Turing's lasting contributions to modern research.

The Once and Future Turing

Computing the World

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 971

The Once and Future Turing

Computing the World

Author: S. Barry Cooper

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 399

View: 988

Original essays by world-leading researchers reveal Alan Turing's lasting contributions to modern research.

Once and Future Turing

Author: S.Barry Cooper. Andrew Hodges

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 405

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy, 4 Volume Set

Author: Robert T. Craig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2368

View: 294

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy is the definitive single-source reference work on the subject, with state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on key issues from leading international experts. It is available both online and in print. A state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on the key issues raised by communication, covering the history, systematics, and practical potential of communication theory Articles by leading experts offer an unprecedented level of accuracy and balance Provides comprehensive, clear entries which are both cross-national and cross-disciplinary in nature The Encyclopedia presents a truly international perspective with authors and positions representing not just Europe and North America, but also Latin America and Asia Published both online and in print Part of The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication series, published in conjunction with the International Communication Association

Engineering Trustworthy Software Systems

Second International School, SETSS 2016, Chongqing, China, March 28 - April 2, 2016, Tutorial Lectures

Author: Jonathan P. Bowen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 259

View: 423

This volume contains a record of some of the lectures and seminars delivered at the Second International School on Engineering Trustworthy Software Systems (SETSS 2016), held in March/April 2016 at Southwest University in Chongqing, China. The six contributions included in this volume provide an overview of leading-edge research in methods and tools for use in computer system engineering. They have been distilled from six courses and two seminars on topics such as: modelling and verification in event-B; parallel programming today; runtime verification; Java in the safety-critical domain; semantics of reactive systems; parameterized unit testing; formal reasoning about infinite data values; and Alan Turing and his remarkable achievements. The material is useful for postgraduate students, researchers, academics, and industrial engineers, who are interested in the theory and practice of methods and tools for the design and programming of trustworthy software systems.

Marine Glycobiology, Glycomics and Lectins

Author: Yasuhiro Ozeki

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 342

Glycans (carbohydrate chains) of marine creatures are rich and diverse in polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids. The chains that are metabolized by glycan-related enzymes (glycosyltransferases and glycosidases) are recognized by glycan-binding proteins (lectins) which regulate cellular processes such as growth, differentiation, and death. Marine glycomics that involves the genome and transcriptome accelerates our understanding of the evolution of glycans, glycan-related enzymes, and lectins. From 2017 to 2019, the Special Issue “Marine Glycobiology, Glycomics and Lectins” of the journal Marine Drugs published scientific articles and reviews, on the background of “glycobiology”—that is, glycan-based biosciences. The aim was to promote the discovery of novel biomolecules that contribute to drug development and clinical studies. This has great potential for establishing connections between the fields of both human health and marine life sciences. This book contains 11 scientific papers representing current topics in comprehensive glycosciences related to therapeutic agents from marine natural products, as outlined.

Awakening

Exploring Spirituality, Emergent Creativity, and Reconciliation

Author: Gloria Neufeld Redekop

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 372

View: 824

Even if all of the elements we know to be significant in the process of reconciliation were present, reconciliation would not necessarily take place. Reconciliation is a nonlinear, nonalgorithmic process that involves “matters of the heart.” From emergent creativity and its links to mysticism, to the evolution of emotions as drivers of thought, Awakening weaves cutting-edge discoveries in complexity theory with philosophical reflections on consciousness and language, drawing on Lonergan and Wittgenstein. Awakening as a phenomenon takes on a vibrant vitality as an aspect of transpersonal psychology and it manifests as imperatives to take responsibility for our relationships, to address complex challenges of justice, and to adopt a heart-based approach to peacebuilding.

Diatom Morphogenesis

Author: Vadim V. Annenkov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 679

There are up to 200,000 species of diatoms, each species of these algal cells bearing an ornate,amorphous silica glass shell. The silica is structured at 7 orders of magnitude size range, and is thus the most complex multiscalar solid structure known. Recent research is beginning to unravel how a single cell marshals chemical, physical, biochemical, genetic, and cytoskeletal processes to produce these single cell marvels. The field of diatom nanotechnology is advancing as this understanding matures. Diatoms have been actively studied over the recent 10-20 years with various modern equipment, experimental and computer simulation approaches, including molecular biology, fluorescence-based methods, electron, confocal and AFM microscopy. This has resulted in a huge amount of information but the key stages of their silica morphogenesis are still not clear. This is the time to reconsider and consolidate the work performed so far and to understand how we can go ahead. The main objective of this book is to describe the actual situation in the science of diatom morphogenesis, to specify the most important unresolved questions and to present the corresponding hypotheses. The following areas are discussed: 1. A tutorial chapter, with a glossary for newcomers to the field, who are often from outside of biology, let alone phycology. 2. Diatom Morphogenesis: general issues, including symmetry and size issues. 3. Diatom Morphogenesis: simulation, including analytical and numerical methods for description of the diatom valve shape and pore structure. 4. Diatom morphogenesis: physiology, biochemistry, and applications, including the relationship between taxonomy and physiology, biosilicification hypotheses, and ideas about applications of diatoms.

Recent Advances in the Theory and Application of Fitness Landscapes

Author: Hendrik Richter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 553

View: 286

This book is concerned with recent advances in fitness landscapes. The concept of fitness landscapes originates from theoretical biology and refers to a framework for analysing and visualizing the relationships between genotypes, phenotypes and fitness. These relationships lay at the centre of attempts to mathematically describe evolutionary processes and evolutionary dynamics. The book addresses recent advances in the understanding of fitness landscapes in evolutionary biology and evolutionary computation. In the volume, experts in the field of fitness landscapes present these findings in an integrated way to make it accessible to a number of audiences: senior undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, theoretical biology, physics, applied mathematics and engineering, but also researcher looking for a reference or/and entry point into using fitness landscapes for analysing algorithms. Also practitioners wanting to employ fitness landscape techniques for evaluating bio- and nature-inspired computing algorithms can find valuable material in the book. For teaching proposes, the book could also be used as a reference handbook.

Alasdair Urquhart on Nonclassical and Algebraic Logic and Complexity of Proofs

Author: Ivo Düntsch

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 289

Incarnation

On the Scope and Depth of Christology

Author: Niels Henrick Gregersen

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 350

View: 773

This volume takes the reader on a journey from New Testament and early church views of incarnation to contemporary understandings of Christology. A prominent group of scholars explores and debates the idea of “deep incarnation”—the view that the divine incarnation in Jesus presupposes a radical embodiment that reaches into the roots of material and biological existence, as well as into the darker sides of creation. Such a wide-scope view of incarnation allows Christology to be meaningful when responding to the challenges of scientific cosmology and global religious pluralism.

Humanity in a Creative Universe

Author: Stuart A. Kauffman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 426

In the hard sciences, which can often feel out of grasp for many lay readers, there are "great thinkers" who go far beyond the equations, formulas, and research. Minds such as Stephen Hawking philosophize about the functions and nature of the universe, the implications of our existence, and other impossibly fascinating, yet difficult questions. Stuart A. Kauffman is one of those great thinkers. He has dedicated his lifetime to researching "complex systems" at prestigious institutions and now writes his treatise on the most complex system of all: our universe. A recent Scientific American article claims that "philosophy begins where physics ends, and physics begins where philosophy ends," and perhaps no better quote sums up what Kauffman's latest book offers. Grounded in his rigorous training and research background, Kauffman is inter-disciplinary in every sense of the word, sorting through the major questions and theories in biology, physics, and philosophy. Best known for his philosophy of evolutionary biology, Kauffman coined the term "prestatability" to call into question whether science can ever accurately and precisely predict the future development of biological features in organisms. As evidenced by the title's mention of creativity, the book refreshingly argues that our preoccupation to explain all things with scientific law has deadened our creative natures. In this fascinating read, Kauffman concludes that the development of life on earth is not entirely predictable, because no theory could ever fully account for the limitless variations of evolution. Sure to cause a stir, this book will be discussed for years to come and may even set the tone for the next "great thinker."

Multi-Agent-Based Simulations Applied to Biological and Environmental Systems

Author: Adamatti, Diana Francisca

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 406

View: 645

The discovery and development of new computational methods have expanded the capabilities and uses of simulations. With agent-based models, the applications of computer simulations are significantly enhanced. Multi-Agent-Based Simulations Applied to Biological and Environmental Systems is a pivotal reference source for the latest research on the implementation of autonomous agents in computer simulation paradigms. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant applications, such as biodiversity conservation, pollution reduction, and environmental risk assessment, this publication is an ideal source for researchers, academics, engineers, practitioners, and professionals seeking material on various issues surrounding the use of agent-based simulations.

Love and Christian Ethics

Tradition, Theory, and Society

Author: Frederick V. Simmons

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 408

View: 439

At the heart of Christian ethics is the biblical commandment to love God and to love one's neighbor as oneself. But what is the meaning of love? Scholars have wrestled with this question since the recording of the Christian gospels, and in recent decades teachers and students of Christian ethics have engaged in vigorous debates about appropriate interpretations and implications of this critical norm. In Love and Christian Ethics, nearly two dozen leading experts analyze and assess the meaning of love from a wide range of perspectives. Chapters are organized into three areas: influential sources and exponents of Western Christian thought about the ethical significance of love, perennial theoretical questions attending that consideration, and the implications of Christian love for important social realities. Contributors bring a richness of thought and experience to deliver unprecedentedly broad and rigorous analysis of this central tenet of Christian ethics and faith. William Werpehowski provides an afterword on future trajectories for this research. Love and Christian Ethics is sure to become a benchmark resource in the field.

A Computable Universe

Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation

Author: Hector Zenil

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 810

View: 374

This volume discusses the foundations of computation in relation to nature. It focuses on two main questions: What is computation? and How does nature compute?

Information—Consciousness—Reality

How a New Understanding of the Universe Can Help Answer Age-Old Questions of Existence

Author: James B. Glattfelder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 662

View: 971

This open access book chronicles the rise of a new scientific paradigm offering novel insights into the age-old enigmas of existence. Over 300 years ago, the human mind discovered the machine code of reality: mathematics. By utilizing abstract thought systems, humans began to decode the workings of the cosmos. From this understanding, the current scientific paradigm emerged, ultimately discovering the gift of technology. Today, however, our island of knowledge is surrounded by ever longer shores of ignorance. Science appears to have hit a dead end when confronted with the nature of reality and consciousness. In this fascinating and accessible volume, James Glattfelder explores a radical paradigm shift uncovering the ontology of reality. It is found to be information-theoretic and participatory, yielding a computational and programmable universe.

Physical Perspectives on Computation, Computational Perspectives on Physics

Author: Michael E. Cuffaro

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 167

Offers an accessible yet cutting-edge tour of the many conceptual interconnections between physics and computer science.

Physics and Speculative Philosophy

Potentiality in Modern Science

Author: Timothy E. Eastman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 281

View: 247

Through both an historical and philosophical analysis of the concept of possibility, we show how including both potentiality and actuality as part of the real is both compatible with experience and contributes to solving key problems of fundamental process and emergence. The book is organized into four main sections that incorporate our routes to potentiality: (1) potentiality in modern science [history and philosophy; quantum physics and complexity]; (2) Relational Realism [ontological interpretation of quantum physics; philosophy and logic]; (3) Process Physics [ontological interpretation of relativity theory; physics and philosophy]; (4) on speculative philosophy and physics [limitations and approximations; process philosophy]. We conclude that certain fundamental problems in modern physics require complementary analyses of certain philosophical and metaphysical issues, and that such scholarship reveals intrinsic features and limits of determinism, potentiality and emergence that enable, among others, important progress on the quantum theory of measurement problem and new understandings of emergence.

Darwin's Wager

Cannibal Genes, the Human Ape, and Evolution's Final Battle

Author: James B. Miles

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 110

When the father of gene-centred evolutionary biology, George C. Williams, asked the world’s largest university press to publish a popular-level exposé of Darwin’s wager, he was told the idea was far too radical to put in front of the reading public. Because Darwin wagered in 1871 that humankind is born just another cannibalistic great ape, and that it falls on culture, not biology, to civilise us. Darwin’s wager explains mathematically the enormous power of culture, yet that only by acknowledging this can societies become moral and just. Though many, including the United States, may well never get there. Darwin’s wager has been buried, suppressed, for a century and a half. Darwin couldn’t get the idea out, and the giants of modern evolutionary biology couldn’t get the idea out. So on this 150th anniversary we will fight Darwin’s final battle for him.

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