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Three Girls from Bronzeville

A Uniquely American Memoir of Race, Fate, and Sisterhood

Author: Dawn Turner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 889

"The three girls formed an indelible bond: roaming their community in search of hidden treasures for their 'Thing Finder box,' and hiding under the dining room table, eavesdropping as three generations of relatives gossiped and played the numbers. The girls spent countless afternoons together, ice skating in the nearby Lake Meadows apartment complex, swimming in the pool at the Ida B. Wells housing project, and daydreaming of their futures: Dawn a writer, Debra a doctor, Kim a teacher. Then they came to a precipice, a fraught rite of passage for all girls when the dangers and the harsh realities of the world burst the innocent bubble of childhood, when the choices they made could--and would--have devastating consequences. There was a razor thin margin of error--especially for brown girls"

Milwaukee's Bronzeville:

1900-1950

Author: Paul H. Geenen

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 288

With the migration of African American sharecroppers to northern cities in the first half of the 20th century, the African American population of Milwaukee grew from fewer than 1,000 in 1900 to nearly 22,000 by 1950. Most settled around a 12-block area along Walnut Street that came to be known as Milwaukee's Bronzeville, a thriving residential, business, and entertainment community. Barbershops, restaurants, drugstores, and funeral homes were started with a little money saved from overtime pay at factory jobs or extra domestic work taken on by the women. Exotic nightclubs, taverns, and restaurants attracted a racially mixed clientele, and daytime social clubs sponsored "matinees" that were dress-up events featuring local bands catering to neighborhood residents. Bronzeville is remembered by African American elders as a good place to grow up--times were hard, but the community was tight.

Bronzeville’s Bootstraps

Author: Wallace S. Hall

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Fiction

Page: 404

View: 317

Bronzeville’s Bootstraps describes the growth of African American businesses in the mid-twentieth century and how successful businesspersons overcame serious obstacles and simultaneously lit lanterns of hope for future generations. This unusual, provocative novel details how Chicago’s black private sector made Bronzeville the most prosperous community in the nation during the turbulent fifties, sixties, and seventies. The protagonist, Jerome Gerard, leaves his Beaumont, Texas, home with his family, seeking employment as a registered pharmacist. After failing in several cities, Jerome stops at the Pershing Hotel to relax for the weekend. The manager, Lester “Turkey” Stevens, introduces Gail and Jerome to Bronzeville’s nightlife. The next day, Lester takes Jerome to Felix and Bea’s restaurant to meet the “swells.” Because of their help-another-brother philosophy, the swells find Jerome a job and a home overnight. After being blatantly lied to by his boss, Jerome schemes to get the cash to buy his first drugstore. He learns what motivates Caucasians and uses their stimuli against them to build a chain. But it wasn’t easy. Jerome encountered racist, economic, and illegal obstacles at every turn.

Brave to be Involved

Shifting Positions in the Poetry of Gwendolyn Brooks

Author: Yomna Mohamed Saber

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN:

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 211

View: 652

Although Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2004) was the first African American writer to win the Pulitzer Prize, she occupies a curious position in the larger black canon. Despite her importance, with the exception of very few critical accounts of her work, she has been usually treated in critical isolation from her black peers, be they male or female. Brooks's earlier stages were discarded by many black critics as works directed to white audiences, whereas black critics who became interested in her nationalist phase limited her to the Black Aesthetic perspective. Such approaches to Brooks's opus fail to do justice to her work which stood on equal footing with other groundbreaking works in terms of her pioneering themes and techniques. This book examines all of Brooks's stages while tracing the changes that marked her voice throughout. By comparing and contrasting her work to Richard Wright, Margaret Walker, Ralph Ellison, Lorraine Hansberry, Amiri Baraka and Sonia Sanchez, it becomes possible to highlight the distinct poetic legacy of Brooks. The aim of this book is to assess the extent to which Brooks participated in the black canon and to examine how far her realistic settings and individualised characters resulted in a poetry capable of providing accurate reflections of black life in America throughout five very vibrant decades.

A New Deal for Bronzeville

Housing, Employment, and Civil Rights in Black Chicago, 1935-1955

Author: Lionel Kimble

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 670

Civil rights activism in New Deal and World War II Chicago During the "Great Migration" of the 1920s and 1930s, southern African Americans flocked to the South Side Chicago community of Bronzeville, the cultural, political, social, and economic hub of African American life in the city, if not the Midwest. The area soon became the epicenter of community activism as workingclass African Americans struggled for equality in housing and employment. In this study, Lionel Kimble Jr. demonstrates how these struggles led to much of the civil rights activism that occurred from 1935 to 1955 in Chicago and shows how this workingclass activism and culture helped to ground the early civil rights movement. Despite the obstacles posed by the Depression, bluecollar African Americans worked with leftist organizations to counter job discrimination and made strong appeals to New Deal allies for access to public housing. With its focus on the role of workingclass African Americans--as opposed to the middleclass leaders who have received the most attention from civil rights historians in the past--A New Deal for Bronzeville makes a significant contribution to the study of civil rights work in the Windy City and enriches our understanding of African American life in midtwentiethcentury Chicago.

Invisible, Invincible Black Women Growing up in Bronzeville

Author: Portia McClain

Publisher: Page Publishing Inc

ISBN:

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 252

View: 960

As a young lad visiting Jackson, Mississippi, during many summers, Portia sat on the front porch and listened intently as her great-grandmother and grandmother told stories of perseverance, triumph, blessings, and strength. This experience and the richness of their recollection of love and family while also enduring the obstacles of oppression and segregation shaped the fiber of who she is. A full understanding of her identity and knowledge of family history kept her strong and resilient and gave her a foundation for survival to weather any storm.Portia was born at the very beginning of the civil rights era to parents who migrated from the South, and she was a teenager at the height of the '60s movement. This incredible and insightful next generation story you will read, Invisible, Invincible Black Women Growing Up in Bronzeville, is a combination of history that has been handed down along with an eyewitness account of the things Portia saw during and after the Great Migration to the north.Portia is a woman of compassion, vulnerability, toughness, and wisdom; this combination makes some see her as complex at first glance. She is a trailblazer for positive change and has a keen discernment of people.After many sacrifices for others, Portia completed her bachelor's and master's degrees in education. She is currently an adjunct professional and is a special education teacher with the State Board of Education. Portia's work as a student learning advocate has been featured in the local newspapers.The end goal of the book and its story is to remind anyone that you can overcome and survive and know that, amid any and all the broken dreams in life, you can still achieve your life mission and have happiness and contentment.

Negroland

A Memoir

Author: Margo Jefferson

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 651

The daughter of a successful paediatrician and a fashionable socialite, Margo Jefferson spent her childhood among Chicago's black elite. She calls this society 'Negroland': 'a small region of Negro America where residents were sheltered by a certain amount of privilege and plenty'. With privilege came expectation. Reckoning with the strictures and demands of Negroland at crucial historical moments - the civil rights movement, the dawn of feminism, the fallacy of post-racial America - Jefferson brilliantly charts the twists and turns of a life informed by psychological and moral contradictions.

Modern American Women Writers

Author: Elaine Showalter

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 459

Offers essays on forty-one women authors

Slumming

Sexual and Racial Encounters in American Nightlife, 1885-1940

Author: Chad Heap

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 410

During Prohibition, “Harlem was the ‘in’ place to go for music and booze,” recalled the African American chanteuse Bricktop. “Every night the limousines pulled up to the corner,” and out spilled affluent whites, looking for a good time, great jazz, and the unmatchable thrill of doing something disreputable. That is the indelible public image of slumming, but as Chad Heap reveals in this fascinating history, the reality is that slumming was far more widespread—and important—than such nostalgia-tinged recollections would lead us to believe. From its appearance as a “fashionable dissipation” centered on the immigrant and working-class districts of 1880s New York through its spread to Chicago and into the 1930s nightspots frequented by lesbians and gay men, Slumming charts the development of this popular pastime, demonstrating how its moralizing origins were soon outstripped by the artistic, racial, and sexual adventuring that typified Jazz-Age America. Vividly recreating the allure of storied neighborhoods such as Greenwich Village and Bronzeville, with their bohemian tearooms, rent parties, and “black and tan” cabarets, Heap plumbs the complicated mix of curiosity and desire that drew respectable white urbanites to venture into previously off-limits locales. And while he doesn’t ignore the role of exploitation and voyeurism in slumming—or the resistance it often provoked—he argues that the relatively uninhibited mingling it promoted across bounds of race and class helped to dramatically recast the racial and sexual landscape of burgeoning U.S. cities. Packed with stories of late-night dance, drink, and sexual exploration—and shot through with a deep understanding of cities and the habits of urban life—Slumming revives an era that is long gone, but whose effects are still felt powerfully today.

South Side Girls

Growing Up in the Great Migration

Author: Marcia Chatelain

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 301

In South Side Girls Marcia Chatelain recasts Chicago's Great Migration through the lens of black girls. Focusing on the years between 1910 and 1940, when Chicago's black population quintupled, Chatelain describes how Chicago's black social scientists, urban reformers, journalists and activists formulated a vulnerable image of urban black girlhood that needed protecting. She argues that the construction and meaning of black girlhood shifted in response to major economic, social, and cultural changes and crises, and that it reflected parents' and community leaders' anxieties about urbanization and its meaning for racial progress. Girls shouldered much of the burden of black aspiration, as adults often scrutinized their choices and behavior, and their well-being symbolized the community's moral health. Yet these adults were not alone in thinking about the Great Migration, as girls expressed their views as well. Referencing girls' letters and interviews, Chatelain uses their powerful stories of hope, anticipation and disappointment to highlight their feelings and thoughts, and in so doing, she helps restore the experiences of an understudied population to the Great Migration's complex narrative.

Gwendolyn Brooks

Poetry and the Heroic Voice

Author: D.H. Melhem

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN:

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 968

Gwendolyn Brooks is one of the major American poets of this century and the first black woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for poetry (1950). Yet far less critical attention has focused on her work than on that of her peers. In this comprehensive biocritical study, Melhem -- herself a poet and critic -- traces the development of Brooks's poetry over four decades, from such early works as A Street in Bronzeville, Annie Allen, and The Bean Eaters, to the more recent In the Mecca, Riot, and To Disembark. In addition to analyzing the poetic devices used, Melhem examines the biographical, historical, and literary contexts of Brooks's poetry: her upbringing and education, her political involvement in the struggle for civil rights, her efforts on behalf of young black poets, her role as a teacher, and her influence on black letters. Among the many sources examined are such revealing documents as Brooks's correspondence with her editor of twenty years and with other writers and critics. From Melhem's illuminating study emerges a picture of the poet as prophet. Brooks's work, she shows, is consciously charged with the quest for emancipation and leadership, for black unity and pride. At the same time, Brooks is seen as one of the preeminent American poets of this century, influencing both African American letters and American literature generally. This important book is an indispensable guide to the work of a consummate poet.

A Life Distilled

Gwendolyn Brooks, Her Poetry and Fiction

Author: Maria Mootry

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN:

Category: African Americans in literature.

Page: 286

View: 842

These 18 critical essays place Brooks' work in a personal as well as social and cultural context and reflect in a chronological manner an appreciation of the entire range of Brooks' poetic vision. Beginning with a general assessment the essays analyze her poetry, her novel Maud Martha, and the unpublished "Songs After Sunset." ISBN 0-252-01367-0 : $27.50.

Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance

Author: Cary D. Wintz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 1392

View: 901

From the music of Louis Armstrong to the portraits by Beauford Delaney, the writings of Langston Hughes to the debut of the musical Show Boat, the Harlem Renaissance is one of the most significant developments in African-American history in the twentieth century. The Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance, in two-volumes and over 635 entries, is the first comprehensive compilation of information on all aspects of this creative, dynamic period. For a full list of entries, contributors, and more, visit the Encyclopedi a of Harlem Renaissance website.

On Gwendolyn Brooks

Reliant Contemplation

Author: Stephen Caldwell Wright

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN:

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 286

View: 774

A reassessment of the art and achievements of the first black author to win the Pulitzer Prize

A Study Guide for Gwendolyn Brooks’s “We Real Cool”

Author: Gwendolyn Brooks

Publisher: Gale Cengage Learning

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 157

The Runner

Author: Brian Lundin

Publisher: brian lundin

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 264

View: 156

The Chicago Mob attempts to take-over a black gambling game called "POLICY"

The American Midwest

An Interpretive Encyclopedia

Author: Andrew R. L. Cayton

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 1916

View: 579

This first-ever encyclopedia of the Midwest seeks to embrace this large and diverse area, to give it voice, and help define its distinctive character. Organized by topic, it encourages readers to reflect upon the region as a whole. Each section moves from the general to the specific, covering broad themes in longer introductory essays, filling in the details in the shorter entries that follow. There are portraits of each of the region's twelve states, followed by entries on society and culture, community and social life, economy and technology, and public life. The book offers a wealth of information about the region's surprising ethnic diversity -- a vast array of foods, languages, styles, religions, and customs -- plus well-informed essays on the region's history, culture and values, and conflicts. A site of ideas and innovations, reforms and revivals, and social and physical extremes, the Midwest emerges as a place of great complexity, signal importance, and continual fascination.

Black Insights

Significant Literature by Black Americans, 1760 to the Present

Author: Nick Aaron Ford

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: African Americans

Page: 373

View: 208

Selected Poems

Author: Gwendolyn Brooks

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN:

Category: African Americans

Page: 127

View: 437

Contains a selection of poems from three earlier books: "A Street in Bronzeville," "Annie Allen," and "The Bean Eaters" as well as some new selections.

Afro-American Writing

An Anthology of Prose and Poetry

Author: Richard A. Long

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN:

Category: Literary Collections

Page:

View: 766

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