"This handbook contains thirty-two previously unpublished contributions to consequentialist ethics by leading scholars, covering what's happening in the field today as well as pointing to new directions for future research. Consequentialism is a rival to such moral theories as deontology, contractualism, and virtue ethics. But it's more than just one rival among many, for every plausible moral theory must concede that the goodness of an act's consequences is something that matters even if it's not the only thing that matters. Thus, all plausible moral theories will accept both that the fact that an act would produce good consequences constitutes a moral reason to perform it and that the better that act's consequences the moral reason there is to perform it. Now, if this is correct, then much of the research concerning consequentialist ethics is important for ethics in general. For instance, one thing that consequentialist researchers have investigated is what sorts of consequences matter: the consequences that some act would have or the consequences that it could have-if, say, the agent were to follow up by performing some subsequent act. And it's reasonable to suppose that the answer to such questions will be relevant for normative ethics regardless of whether the goodness of consequences is the only thing matters (as consequentialists presume) or just one of many things that matter (as non-consequentialists presume)"--
Insect Pathology: An Advanced Treatise, Volume 2 reviews the significant progress that has been made in insect pathology, as well as the major research trends in the field. This book is concerned with bacterial, fungus, protozoan, and parasitic diseases, along with the epizootiology of infectious diseases, diagnosis, methodology, and microbial control. Organized into 17 chapters, this volume begins with a brief consideration of the taxonomy of entomogenous bacteria, including common problems of bacterial taxonomy as a whole. The book then discusses diseases caused by certain spore-forming bacteria, such as clostridial pathogens and pathogens of the genus Bacillus. The text also explains milky diseases and their development within the insect host; nonsporulating bacterial pathogens that cause diseases in insects; and infections caused by Coelomomyces and Entomophthorales. The book also introduces the reader to insect diseases caused by hyphomycetous Fungi Imperfecti (Deuteromycetes) not usually associated in nature with a perfect stage, diseases associated with Cordyceps, and infections attributed to parasites belonging to the group Sporozoa. This book is essential reading for entomologists.
62 Techniques that Put Students on the Path to College
Author: Doug Lemov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
One of the most influential teaching guides ever—updated! Teach Like a Champion 2.0 is a complete update to the international bestseller. This teaching guide is a must-have for new and experienced teachers alike. Over 700,000 teachers around the world already know how the techniques in this book turn educators into classroom champions. With ideas for everything from classroom management to inspiring student engagement, you will be able to perfect your teaching practice right away. The first edition of Teach Like a Champion influenced thousands of educators because author Doug Lemov's teaching strategies are simple and powerful. Now, updated techniques and tools make it even easier to put students on the path to college readiness. Here are just a few of the brand new resources available in the 2.0 edition: Over 70 new video clips of real teachers modeling the techniques in the classroom (note: for online access of this content, please visit my.teachlikeachampion.com) A selection of never before seen techniques inspired by top teachers around the world Brand new structure emphasizing the most important techniques and step by step teaching guidelines Updated content reflecting the latest best practices from outstanding educators With the sample lesson plans, videos, and teachlikeachampion.com online community, you will be teaching like a champion in no time. The classroom techniques you'll learn in this book can be adapted to suit any context. Find out why Teach Like a Champion is a "teaching Bible" for so many educators worldwide.
This is a masterly theoretical treatment of one of the central problems in evolutionary biology, the evolution of social cooperation and conflict. Steven Frank tackles the problem with a highly original combination of approaches: game theory, classical models of natural selection, quantitative genetics, and kin selection. He unites these with the best of economic thought: a clear theory of model formation and comparative statics, the development of simple methods for analyzing complex problems, and notions of information and rationality. Using this unique, multidisciplinary approach, Frank makes major advances in understanding the foundations of social evolution. Frank begins by developing the three measures of value used in biology--marginal value, reproductive value, and kin selection. He then combines these measures into a coherent framework, providing the first unified analysis of social evolution in its full ecological and demographic context. Frank also extends the theory of kin selection by showing that relatedness has two distinct meanings. The first is a measure of information about social partners, with close affinity to theories of correlated equilibrium and Bayesian rationality in economic game theory. The second is a measure of the fidelity by which characters are transmitted to future generations--an extended notion of heritability. Throughout, Frank illustrates his methods with many examples, including a complete reformulation of the theory of sex allocation. The book also provides a unique "how-to" guide for constructing models of social behavior. It is essential reading for evolutionary biologists and for economists, mathematicians, and others interested in natural selection.
Selections from Classical and Contemporary Writers
Author: Oliver A. Johnson
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Western tradition, from Plato to John Rawls and other contemporary writers. Chronologically oriented, the book's unbiased and comprehensive coverage fosters a firm grasp of many seminal ideas and thinkers in the history of Western ethics. This latest edition of Johnson's classic anthology features a significant revision of Part III, "The Contemporary Period." In addition to providing a historical introduction to moral philosophy, the book now provides a very timely introduction to the main currents in contemporary moral philosophy, such as contemporary deontology, Kantianism, consequentialism, contractarianism, and virtue theory. Newly added contemporary readings that articulate well with the classical sources demonstrate the continuity between historical and contemporary concerns, for example showing how the ideas of the classical writers have been taken up and developed by contemporary philosophers.