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Understanding Philosophy of Science

Author: James Ladyman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 170

Few can imagine a world without telephones or televisions; many depend on computers and the Internet as part of daily life. Without scientific theory, these developments would not have been possible. In this exceptionally clear and engaging introduction to philosophy of science, James Ladyman explores the philosophical questions that arise when we reflect on the nature of the scientific method and the knowledge it produces. He discusses whether fundamental philosophical questions about knowledge and reality might be answered by science, and considers in detail the debate between realists and antirealists about the extent of scientific knowledge. Along the way, central topics in philosophy of science, such as the demarcation of science from non-science, induction, confirmation and falsification, the relationship between theory and observation and relativism are all addressed. Important and complex current debates over underdetermination, inference to the best explaination and the implications of radical theory change are clarified and clearly explained for those new to the subject.

Scientific Understanding

Philosophical Perspectives

Author: Henk W. de Regt

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 133

To most scientists, and to those interested in the sciences, understanding is the ultimate aim of scientific endeavor. In spite of this, understanding, and how it is achieved, has received little attention in recent philosophy of science. Scientific Understanding seeks to reverse this trend by providing original and in-depth accounts of the concept of understanding and its essential role in the scientific process. To this end, the chapters in this volume explore and develop three key topics: understanding and explanation, understanding and models, and understanding in scientific practice. Earlier philosophers, such as Carl Hempel, dismissed understanding as subjective and pragmatic. They believed that the essence of science was to be found in scientific theories and explanations. In Scientific Understanding, the contributors maintain that we must also consider the relation between explanations and the scientists who construct and use them. They focus on understanding as the cognitive state that is a goal of explanation and on the understanding of theories and models as a means to this end. The chapters in this book highlight the multifaceted nature of the process of scientific research. The contributors examine current uses of theory, models, simulations, and experiments to evaluate the degree to which these elements contribute to understanding. Their analyses pay due attention to the roles of intelligibility, tacit knowledge, and feelings of understanding. Furthermore, they investigate how understanding is obtained within diverse scientific disciplines and examine how the acquisition of understanding depends on specific contexts, the objects of study, and the stated aims of research.

Cosmic Understanding

Philosophy and Science of the Universe

Author: Milton K. Munitz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 287

View: 745

In this work the distinguished philosopher Milton Munitz provides a lucid account of the chief empirical findings and theories of recent cosmology and a systematic assessment of their broader philosophical implications.

Explaining Understanding

New Perspectives from Epistemology and Philosophy of Science

Author: Stephen R. Grimm

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 985

What does it mean to understand something? What types of understanding can be distinguished? Is understanding always provided by explanations? And how is it related to knowledge? Such questions have attracted considerable interest in epistemology recently. These discussions, however, have not yet engaged insights about explanations and theories developed in philosophy of science. Conversely, philosophers of science have debated the nature of explanations and theories, while dismissing understanding as a psychological by-product. In this book, epistemologists and philosophers of science together address basic questions about the nature of understanding, providing a new overview of the field. False theories, cognitive bias, transparency, coherency, and other important issues are discussed. Its 15 original chapters are essential reading for researchers and graduate students interested in the current debates about understanding.

Understanding Philosophy of Religion: Understanding Philosop

Author: Libby Ahluwalia

Publisher: Folens Limited

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 935

This new approach to the Philosophy of Religion option is perfect for the all-new revised AS and A2 Religious Studies qualification. A thorough and detailed approach to the material makes this subject accessible for all AS and A2 students, and will particularly help ensure higher achieving students attain their best grades.

The Nature of Scientific Knowledge

An Explanatory Approach

Author: Kevin McCain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 679

This book offers a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the epistemology of science. It not only introduces readers to the general epistemological discussion of the nature of knowledge, but also provides key insights into the particular nuances of scientific knowledge. No prior knowledge of philosophy or science is assumed by The Nature of Scientific Knowledge. Nevertheless, the reader is taken on a journey through several core concepts of epistemology and philosophy of science that not only explores the characteristics of the scientific knowledge of individuals but also the way that the development of scientific knowledge is a particularly social endeavor. The topics covered in this book are of keen interest to students of epistemology and philosophy of science as well as science educators interested in the nature of scientific knowledge. In fact, as a result of its clear and engaging approach to understanding scientific knowledge The Nature of Scientific Knowledge is a book that anyone interested in scientific knowledge, knowledge in general, and any of a myriad of related concepts would be well advised to study closely.

Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Merrilee H. Salmon

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 538

A reprint of the Prentice-Hall edition of 1992. Prepared by nine distinguished philosophers and historians of science, this thoughtful reader represents a cooperative effort to provide an introduction to the philosophy of science focused on cultivating an understanding of both the workings of science and its historical and social context. Selections range from discussions of topics in general methodology to a sampling of foundational problems in various physical, biological, behavioral, and social sciences. Each chapter contains a list of suggested readings and study questions.

Understanding Philosophy of Religion: Understanding Philosop

Author: Libby Ahluwalia

Publisher: Folens Limited

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 315

View: 562

This new approach to the Philosophy of Religion option is perfect for the all-new revised AS and A2 Religious Studies qualification. A thorough and detailed approach to the material makes this subject accessible for all AS and A2 students, and will particularly help ensure higher achieving students attain their best grades.

Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers

Author: James Robert Brown

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 783

A guide to the key figures in the Philosophy of Science from Plato and Aristotle through to Popper, Puttnam and Cartwright.

Reading the Book of Nature

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Peter Kosso

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 372

This is an introductory survey to the philosophy of science suitable for beginners and nonspecialists. Its point of departure is the question: why should we believe what science tells us about the world? In this attempt to justify the claims of science the book treats such topics as observation data, confirmation of theories, and the explanation of phenomena. The writing is clear and concrete with detailed examples drawn from contemporary science: solar neutrinos, the gravitational bending of light, and the creation/evolution debate, for example. What emerges is a view of science in which observation relies on theory to give it meaning and credibility, while theory relies on observation for its motivation and validation. It is shown that this reciprocal support is not circular since the theory used to support a particular observation is independent of the theory for which the observation serves as evidence.

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