Sex Roles, Family Relations, and the Status of Women During World War II
Author: Karen Anderson
Category: Social Science
artime Women examines in detail the short-term changes of the war years; the jobs in war plants and support services; the effects of women's earnings on family finances; the response of trade unions. Anderson shows that the seeds of the postwar denial of women's equal participation were present in the ambivalence of wartime attitudes. Crammed with information perceptively interpreted.
A unique document offering unrivalled insight into women's minds and lives during the Second World War. The Mass-Observation organisation was set up in 1937 with the aim of recording everyday life in Britain. Dorothy Sheridan has plundered its astonishingly rich archives to put together this anthology of women's experience in the Second World War. What was this experience? How far did it go to liberate women? Was it the opportunity that so many expected or was it simply six years of deprivation, hard work and pain? WARTIME WOMEN allows us to explore these questions through the writings of women living through the war years. Dorothy Sheridan has chosen extracts from the whole range of Mass-Observation material including research reports, letters, dairies and detailed questionnaires. The range of contributors is enormous from a fish and chip shop worker in Birmingham to Irish immigrant munitions factory workers, young women welders in Yorkshire and a seventeen-year-old schoolgirl in Essex. 'My horror of all this war business is qualified by an eagerness to be a unit of it. I feel as if I have been waiting for this all my life and I have just realised it' A young woman writing in her diary in September, 1939.
Discourse and Subjectivity in Oral Histories of the Second World War
Author: Penny Summerfield
Publisher: Manchester University Press
RECONSTRUCTING WOMEN'S WARTIME LIVES is about the effects of the Second War War on women's sense of themselves. At the heart of the book is the dichotomy of women who heroically held men's jobs and women who stoically endured the pressures and privations of war at home. These personal accounts reveal the often unexpected ways in which women reconstructed their wartime lives.
"War, Women, and Poetry examines the experience of European women, especially British and German women, in World Wars I and II and the literature they wrote in reaction to those wars. Author Joan Montgomery Byles asks what the impact of war was upon women's lives, and she focuses on how women writers of both poetry and prose represented these wars in their writing. The study is both literary and historical and seeks to interweave the historical circumstances of these wars with women's and men's literary response, particularly the poetic response. In comparing the war poetry of men and women, the reader can see important differences and important similarities. The book then examines how the social-historical situation of war manifests itself in artistic expression: but of necessity, it also looks at the actual historical events themselves."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
In this moving and readable anthology, acclaimed writer Eva Figes has collected a wonderfully diverse range of women’s letters penned over the last 500 years, during times of war. Their words reveal a warmth, strength, and combative spirit that reminds us how vital a role they have played in war. By “holding the fort” at home, or by engaging in the active service with the ATS and dreading the return to the humdrum routine peace would bring, these letters dispel the myth that the “gentler sex” has spent her wars anxiously idling away the hours until the menfolk return.
This book is the first to assess the impact of conflict on women in 20th-Century Ireland, and how women responded to and influenced these conflicts themselves. Their roles ranged from combatants, pioneers and workers, victims and survivors, prisoners, poets, playwrights, and artists. Irish women have played their part in many spheres during two World Wars and three national conflicts in the 20th Century. Drawing on original research from a range of international scholars, and covering the span of the century, the book considers women and war through a myriad of themes - militarism, morality, political activism, and motherhood - and through the lens of a variety of sources, from memoirs to political propaganda, artistic output to activism on the streets. Whatever their socio-economic or political background, a common thread of engagement links Irish women in wartime as they challenged and changed societies subsumed by hostilities.
The women in these profoundly moving personal stories present testimony crossing many political and cultural boundaries in major conflicts from pre-World War I Europe to the jungles of Central America in the 1980s. Whether nurses, prisoners, or soldiers, their accounts convey the lifelong physical, emotional, and spiritual impacts of terrorism and war. The volume was originally published in 1987.
The U.S. Sanitary Commission and Women's Politics in Transition
Author: Judith Ann Giesberg
The Civil War-era U.S. Sanitary Commission (USSC) was the largest wartime benevolent institution. Judith Ann Giesberg demonstrates convincingly that that generation of women provided a crucial link between the local evangelical crusades of the early nineteenth century and the sweeping national reform and suffrage movements of the postwar period. Drawing on Sanitary Commission documents and memoirs, the author details how northern elite and middle-class women's experiences in and influence over the USSC formed the impetus for later reform efforts. Giesberg explores the ways in which women honed organizational and administrative skills, developed new strategies that combined strong centralized leadership with regional grassroots autonomy, and created a sisterhood that reached across class lines. She begins her study with an examination of the Woman's Central Association of Relief, an organization that gave birth to the USSC. Giesberg then discusses the significant roles of Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, Dorothea Lynde Dix, and Henry Whitney Bellows, and considers the rationale for bringing women and men together in a collaborative wartime relief program. She shows how Louisa Lee Schuyler, Abigail Williams May, and other young women maneuvered and challenged the male-run Commission as they built an effective national network for giving critical support to soldiers on the battlefield and their families on the home front. This fresh perspective on the evolution of women's political culture fills an important gap in the literature, and it will appeal to historians, women's studies scholars, and Civil War buffs alike.
Drawing on both wartime discourse about women and the voices of individual women living at the Italian Front, Allison Belzer analyzes how women participated in the Great War and how it affected them. The Great War transformed women into purveyors and recipients of a new feminine ideal that emphasized their status as national citizens. Although Italian women did not gain the vote, they did encounter a less empowering form of female citizenship just after the war ended with Mussolini’s Fascism. Because of the Great War, many women seized the opportunity to participate in a society that continued to recognize them as guardians of the nation.