Proceedings of the Conference Organized by the British Nuclear Energy Society and Held in Bournemouth, UK, on 22-26 October 2000
Publisher: Thomas Telford
Category: Nuclear reactors
These conference proceedings addresses the continuing worldwide interest in the chemistry that determines the operational behaviour of nuclear power stations. This collection of international papers aims to discuss the chemical factors important to the operation of the water circuits of power reactors with minimum corrosion, operator radiation dose and effluent/radwaste discharges.
Plant efficiency and profitability depend on avoiding such problems as pH extremes, oxygen scavenging, corrosion, scale, and contamination. This practical handbook provides detailed discussion and examples of solutions to water chemistry problems in power plant boilers. Formulas and calculations are provided for each area of concern. Contents: Introduction to steam generation to water chemistry systems; Condensate feedwater chemistry; Boiler water chemistry; Steam chemistry; High-purity makeup water treatment; Cooling water chemistry; Sampling.
Proceedings of the Conference Organized by the British Nuclear Energy Society and Held in Bournemouth on 13-17 October 1996
Publisher: Thomas Telford
Category: Nuclear reactors
The success of the six international conferences on Water Chemistry of Nuclear Reactor Systems, held in Bournemouth since 1977, has shown the worldwide interest in obtaining a scientific understanding of the water chemistry that determines the operational behaviour of nuclear power stations. Continuing this objective, these proceedings of the seventh conference address the chemical factors important to the operation of water power reactors with minimum corrosion, operator radiation dose and effluent discharges.
Traditionally the study of chemical principles as they relate to soil has been limited to the field of agronomics. Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach, stands alone because it balances agricultural and environmental perspectives in its analysis of the chemical properties and processes that affect organic and inorganic soil substances. Written for soil science practitioners, researchers, and students, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of soil composition and reactions. Topics include: clay mineralogy, soil organic matter, mineral weathering and stability, ion speciation, solubility, ion exchange, adsorption, oxidation-reduction, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. Each chapter concludes with numerous exercises that emphasize concepts and have practical, real-world applications.
Whether you are a new employee or seasoned professional you need easy access to the latest test methods, updated quality control procedures, and calculations at your fingertips. You need to perform analyses quickly and easily and troubleshoot problems as they arise. You need a resource that is not only informative, but also practical and easy to use. Drinking Water Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual fills this need. The book gives you a thorough overview of the most basic, and therefore important, laboratory topics such as: Laboratory Safety - dos and don'ts based on real experience Sampling - preservation techniques, online sampling, and record keeping Laboratory Instruments - practical use ranges, principles of operation, calibration, conditioning, useful life and replacement, common quality control issues Chemical Use - reagents, standards, indicators, purpose and use, chemical quality and properties, avoidance of contamination, molecular weight calculations Quality Control - replicate analyses, spiked, split, and reference samples, percent recovery of standard, standard deviation, control charts, and everyday quality control measures Weights and Concentrations - care and analytical balances, mathematical conversions among concentration units, dilutions and concentration changes The remaining chapters cover test analysis including: reason for the test, type of sample taken, treatment plant control significance, expected range of results, appropriate quality control procedures, apparatus used, reagents, including function, concentration and instructions for preparation, procedural steps, calculations and notes on possible problems, and references. This is a working manual, meant to be kept by your side in the lab, not on the shelf in an office or library. You can bend it, you can lay it flat, you can take it anywhere you do your job. Useful and practical Drinking Water Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual provides the information you need to perform tests, understand the results, apply them to the determination of water quality before and after treatment, and troubleshoot any problems.
Aquatic chemistry students need a solid foundation in fundamental concepts as well as numerical techniques for solving the variety of problems they will encounter as practicing engineers. For over a decade, Mark Benjamin’s Water Chemistry has brought to the classroom a balanced coverage of fundamentals and analytical algorithms in a student-friendly, accessible way. The text distinguishes itself with longer and more detailed explanations of the relevant chemistry and mathematics, allowing students to understand not only which techniques work best for a given application, but also why those techniques should be applied and what their limitations are. The end result is a solid, thorough framework for comprehending equilibrium in complex aquatic systems. The second edition includes a thorough introductory explanation of chemical reactivity and a new chapter on reaction kinetics, providing much-needed context, as well as full treatments of the tableau method and TOTH equation. The discussion of the thermodynamic perspective on chemical reactivity has been extensively revised. The entire book now integrates Visual Minteq—the most popular software for analyzing chemical equilibria—into the problem-solving approach. Additional exercises range more widely in difficulty, giving instructors more flexibility and diversity in their assignments.
Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource
Author: Stanley E. Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
Carefully crafted to provide a comprehensive overview of the chemistry of water in the environment, Water Chemistry: Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource examines water issues within the broad framework of sustainability, an issue of increasing importance as the demands of Earth’s human population threaten to overwhelm the planet’s carrying capacity. Renowned environmental author Stanley Manahan provides more than just basic coverage of the chemistry of water. He relates the science and technology of this amazing substance to areas essential to sustainability science, including environmental and green chemistry, industrial ecology, and green (sustainable) science and technology. The inclusion of a separate chapter that comprehensively covers energy, including renewable and emerging sources, sets this book a part. Manahan explains how the hydrosphere relates to the geosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and anthrosphere. His approach views Planet Earth as consisting of these five mutually interacting spheres. He covers biogeochemical cycles and the essential role of water in these basic cycles of materials. He also defines environmental chemistry and green chemistry, emphasizing water’s role in the practice of each. Manahan highlights the role of the anthrosphere, that part of the environment constructed and operated by humans. He underscores its overwhelming influence on the environment and its pervasive effects on the hydrosphere. He also covers the essential role that water plays in the sustainable operation of the anthrosphere and how it can be maintained in a manner that will enable it to operate in harmony with the environment for generations to come. Written at an intermediate level, this is an appropriate text for the study of current affairs in environmental chemistry. It provides a review and grounding in basic and organic chemistry for those students who need it and also fills a niche for an aquatic chemistry book that relates the hydrosphere to the four other environmental spheres.