Invertebrates have proven to be extremely useful model systems for gaining insights into the neural and molecular mechanisms of sensory processing, motor control and higher functions such as feeding behavior, learning and memory, navigation, and social behavior. A major factor in their enormous contributions to neuroscience is the relative simplicity of invertebrate nervous systems. In addition, some invertebrates, primarily the molluscs, have large cells, which allow analyses to take place at the level of individually identified neurons. Individual neurons can be surgically removed and assayed for expression of membrane channels, levels of second messengers, protein phosphorylation, and RNA and protein synthesis. Moreover, peptides and nucleotides can be injected into individual neurons. Other invertebrate model systems such as Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans offer tremendous advantages for obtaining insights into the neuronal bases of behavior through the application of genetic approaches. The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology reviews the many neurobiological principles that have emerged from invertebrate analyses, such as motor pattern generation, mechanisms of synaptic transmission, and learning and memory. It also covers general features of the neurobiology of invertebrate circadian rhythms, development, and regeneration and reproduction. Some neurobiological phenomena are species-specific and diverse, especially in the domain of the neuronal control of locomotion and camouflage. Thus, separate chapters are provided on the control of swimming in annelids, crustaea and molluscs, locomotion in hexapods, and camouflage in cephalopods. Unique features of the handbook include chapters that review social behavior and intentionality in invertebrates. A chapter is devoted to summarizing past contributions of invertebrates to the understanding of nervous systems and identifying areas for future studies that will continue to advance that understanding.
IFYGL is a program jointly sponsored by Canadian and U.S. National Committee for International Hydrological Decade for coordinated research into the physical, chemical and biological aspects of Lake Ontario to improve our understanding of the Lake and its basin.
Author: Canada. Department of Fisheries and Oceans. Pacific Region
Publisher: Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Information and Publications Branch
Category: Fishery management
Various papers are presented on the topics of invertebrate management ingeneral; the sampling of adults, juveniles and larval forms;population dynamics and models; exploration and multispecies interactions;and management strategies. An overall workshop summary is included.
Transactions of the XXth Regular Meeting of the Bárány Society 1998 at Wuerzburg, Germany
Author: Bʹarʹany Society. Meeting
Publisher: Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Hardbound. The Barany Society is named after Prof. Dr. Robert Barany who clarified the physiology and pathology of the human vestibular apparatus and was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work in 1914. The meetings are held in his tradition of the highest quality research, reflected in this latest volume. This book's chapters follow the comprehensive coverage of the conference, from basic equilibrium research through equilibriometry to investigations of clinical disorders such as abnormal eye movement, vertigo, chronic schizophrenia and epilepsy. Two sections are devoted to afternystagmus and neurootosurgery.