Family voting is a patriarchal custom that allows men to vote with or for women family members, and this practice has been identified in several of the new European democracies by election observers since 1995. This custom deprives women of their right to a secret vote and contributes to their marginalisation in political life. This report explores this aspect of gender inequality in political systems and contains recommendations to combat it, including Recommendation 111 (2002) of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe on women's individual voting rights: a democratic requirement.
A lively, accessible collection of essays exploring the history of the struggle for women's rights in the United States from the colonial period to the present. • Primary sources, including the 1692 witchcraft examination of Bridget Bishop; an excerpt from a 1917 National American Woman Suffrage Organization document, "Why Women Should Vote; " and excerpts from "School Days of an Indian Girl by Zitkala-Sa" • Each chapter contains sidebars for more in-depth coverage and an annotated bibliograpy offers information on scholarly works for further research
Including chapters on Indonesia, India, Thailand, China, the Philippines, Japan, Malaysia, Korea, Vietnam and international suffrage connections, Women's Suffrage in Asia engages in debates on suffrage in the region by raising issues unique to the country's case studies presented. It explains why the history of suffrage is neglected in the nationalist historiography and untangles the connections between culture, nationalism and colonialism in the context of women's struggles for suffrage.